Overall Green alert Volcanic eruption for Kanlaon
in Philippines

Event summary

GREEN alert: The Kanlaon Volcanic eruption is unlikely to require external humanitarian assistance based on the exposed population and coping capacity.

GDACS ID VO 1000092
Name: Kanlaon
Lat/Lon: 10.412 , 123.132
Event Date: 09 Jun 2024 UTC
Exposed Population 30km: About 870000 people within 30km
Exposed Population 100km: About 10790000 people within 100km
Max Volc. Explosivity Index VEI: 2
Population Exposure Index PEI: 6
Inserted at: 10 Jun 2024 05:41 UTC

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Philippines - Volcanic eruption (ECHO 04 Jun 2024)Tue, 04 Jun 2024 11:51

  • On 3 June at 10:51 UTC, an explosive eruption occurred at Kanlaon Volcano, located in the Negros Occidental province, northern Negros Island, central Philippines.
  • A voluminous plume of at least 5,000 m high and pyroclastic flows of approximately 2-3 km have been observed on the southern and south-eastern slopes of the volcano. Ashfall has also been reported on western slopes.
  • The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) raised the alert level from Level 1 (abnormal) to Level 2 (increasing unrest), meaning that entry into the 4-km radius Permanent Danger Zone (PDZ) is prohibited.
  • As of 4 June, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reported that 796 people have been evacuated from the barangays of Bago, La Carlota, La Castellana, Moises Padilla and Pontevedra in Negros Occidental, and from the Canlaon barangay in Negro Oriental municipality, and have been sheltered in eight evacuation centres. In addition, several flights have been cancelled or delayed in Bacolod-Silay Airport in the City of Silay in northern Negros Occidental province.
Philippines - Volcanic eruption, update (ECHO 05 Jun 2024)Wed, 05 Jun 2024 10:38

  • Over the past 24 hours, the volcanic activity of Kanlaon Volcano, Negros Occidental province, central Philippines, continues and was characterized by 53 volcanic earthquakes, SO2 emissions (4,113 tonnes) and an ash plume 2 km high drifting from south-southwest to north-west.
  • According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), as of 5 June, almost 2,000 people have been displaced, of whom 1,435 sheltered in 12 evacuation centres - 1,280 in Western Visayas and 155 in Central Visayas - and 188 were served outside. A total of eight domestic flights and one international flight were cancelled, and a State of Calamity was declared in Canlaon Municipality, Negros Oriental province.
  • National authorities are providing assistance for those affected, and the alert level of the volcano stands at 2 (increasing unrest) as reported by the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS). Entry into 4 km radius Permanent Danger Zone (PDZ) from the crater are not allowed.
Philippines - Volcanic eruption and lahars (ECHO 06 Jun 2024)Thu, 06 Jun 2024 10:14

  • In the past 24 hours, the activity of Kanlaon Volcano, Negros Occidental province, central Philippines,  was characterised by 27 volcanic earthquakes, SO2 emission (3,464 tonnes) and an ash plume 1.5 km high drifting from northwest to southeast and southwest. Moreover, heavy rain and thunderstorms generated lahar events on the southern slopes of the volcano. The lahars were channel-confined but one of them that flowed along the Tamburong Creek overflowed and impacted the main road in Biak-na-Bato, rendering this impassable.
  • Due to the volcanic activity, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reports, as of 6 June, 1,669 displaced and 2,400 affected people across Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental provinces. In addition, according to Save the Children, at least 684 schools have been closed affecting about 385,000 students.
  • National authorities are still helping those affected, and the alert level of the volcano stands at level 2 (increasing unrest). Entry into a 4 km radius Permanent Danger Zone (PDZ) from the crater is not allowed. 
  • On 6-7 June, partly cloudy to cloudy skies with isolated rain showers and thunderstorms are forecast over Negros Island.
Philippines - Volcanic eruption and lahars, update (ECHO 07 Jun 2024)Fri, 07 Jun 2024 10:30

  • The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology recorded in the past 24 hours 14 volcanic earthquakes, SO2 emissions (1,412 tonnes), and an ash plume up to 2,000 m high that drifted from north-east to south-west. 
  • According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), as of 7 June, almost 1,800 people have been displaced, of whom 1,400 were evacuated in eight evacuation centres, and more than 25,600 people have been affected across Negros Oriental and Negros Occidental Province. The road in La Castellana Municipality, Negros Occidental Province has been affected by a lahar event - triggered by heavy rainfall - that occurred on 5 - 6 June.
  • National authorities are assessing areas affected by the volcanic eruption and provided to clean the road hit by the lahar event. The alert level of the volcano stands at level 2 (increasing unrest). Entry into a 4 km radius Permanent Danger Zone (PDZ) from the crater is not allowed. 
  • For the next 24 hours, cloudy skies with scattered rain showers and thunderstorms are forecast in the impacted area.
Volcano Kanlaon - EC/ECHO daily mapFri, 07 Jun 2024 17:10

A new EC/ECHO daily map is now available
Philippines - Volcanic unrest, update (ECHO 10 Jun 2024)Mon, 10 Jun 2024 10:16

  • The activity of Kanlaon volcano located in Negros Island, central-southern Philippines continues. In the past 24 hours, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology recorded six volcanic earthquakes, SO2 emissions and an ash plume 300 m high drifting north-east.
  • According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, more than 4,700 people have been displaced - almost 4,400 served inside eight evacuation centres - and more than 29,137 others have been affected in the provinces of Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental.
  • National authorities issued a declaration of calamity for the towns of La Castellana and Canlaon and the alert level of the volcano stands at level 2 (increasing unrest). Entry into a 4 km radius Permanent Danger Zone (PDZ) from the crater is not allowed. 
Detailed event map. European Union, 2024. Map produced by EC-JRC.
The boundaries and the names shown on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the European Union.

Updates on volcanic activity (Smithsonian)

The Smithsonian/USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report provides information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Latest Kanlaon report has been published on 29 May 2024 08:59.
In a special notice for Kanlaon, PHIVOLCS stated that the seismic network detected 24 volcano-tectonic earthquakes during 1335-1630 on 26 May with local magnitudes of 0.8-2.3 and depths of 0-6 km beneath the W flank. Sulfur dioxide gas emissions from the summit crater had been elevated since 1 January, averaging 1,291 tonnes/day (t/d); the most recent measurement was 2,003 t/d, recorded on 26 May. Ground deformation data from continuous GPS and electronic tilt data had been recording inflation at the volcano since March 2022. The Alert Level remained at 1 (on a scale of 0-5) and PHIVOLCS reminded the public to remain outside of the 4-km-radius Permanent Danger Zone. Source: Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS)
See the detail here

Latest media headlines

Articles: 169 | About casualties: 2 | Last hour: 1

Agri damage from Kanlaon Volcano eruption now at P104.8M -- OCD2024-06-13T09:49+0200.

The eruption of Kanlaon Volcano has left P104.8 million worth of agricultural damage, the Office of Civil Defense (OCD) said Thursday. At a public briefing, OCD spokesperson Director Edgar Posadas said the affected areas are Region 6, or th
...(more)
Kanlaon eruption: Evacuation ordered anew amid lahar threat2024-06-12T18:35+0200.

BACOLOD CITY, Philippines Forced evacuation has been implemented again in three barangays in La Castellana, Negros Occidental amid heavy rain and lahar flow from Kanlaon Volcano on Tuesday. Residents of Barangays Biak Na Bato, Masulog and C
...(more)
Phivolcs: Kanlaon is still ‘highly dangerous’2024-06-11T06:39+0200.

BACOLOD CITY, NEGROS OCCIDENTAL, Philippines Mt. Kanlaon remains highly dangerous with the possibility of follow-up phreatic and magmatic eruptions. This was even without the volcano spewing fire and ash. Ma. Antonia Bornas, chief science r
...(more)
Rapport DSWD DROMIC n° 13 sur l’éruption du volcan Kanlaon au 11 juin ... 2024-06-11T05:28+0200.

Pièces jointes. I. Aperçu de la situation. Depuis le 8 juin 2024, le niveau d’alerte 2 est maintenu sur le volcan Kanlaon, ce qui signifie qu’il y a un niveau d’agitation volcanique accru ou modéré. Le niveau d’alerte 2 a été augmenté pour
...(more)

Estimated casualties (PAGER)

USGS estimates the number of casualties for each earthquake for the Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) product.
The graph shows the current fatalities estimate.

Exposed population

Data, images, links, services and documents

For this events, GDACS has links to information from the following sources: EC-JRC (32), (2), INGV (2), WMO (1), INFORM (2),