Overall Green alert Volcanic eruption for Reykjanes
in Iceland

Event summary

GREEN alert: The Reykjanes Volcanic eruption is unlikely to require external humanitarian assistance based on the exposed population and coping capacity.

GDACS ID VO 1000090
Name: Reykjanes
Lat/Lon: 63.817 , -22.717
Event Date: 09 Jun 2024 UTC
Exposed Population 30km: About 30000 people within 30km
Exposed Population 100km: About 290000 people within 100km
Max Volc. Explosivity Index VEI: 4
Population Exposure Index PEI: 2
Inserted at: 10 Jun 2024 05:41 UTC


For more info on GDACS alert score click here.
Virtual OSOCC
Meteo assessment
Satellite products
Analytical products
Iceland - Volcanic eruption (ECHO 30 May 2024)Thu, 30 May 2024 10:26

  • A new volcanic eruption, characterized by lava flow and explosive activity - steam explosions and tephra- started on 29 May at 12.46 UTC at the Sundhnúkur crater on the Reykjanes Peninsula in south-western Iceland. The lava has flowed mostly to the south and west direction over Grindavík road and Nesvegur road and the main part of the eruptive fissure is about 2.4 km long.
  • According to the Icelandic Civil Protection, people living in the Grindavík town area or nearby have been asked to evacuate, the electricity connections in the town have been interrupted and some roads and parking have been affected by the lava flow.
  • A new risk assessment has been updated by the Icelandic Meteorological Office (IMO) following this recent volcanic event.
Iceland - Volcanic eruption, update (ECHO 10 Jun 2024)Mon, 10 Jun 2024 10:16

  • According to the Icelandic Meteorological Office (IMO), as of 8 June at 16:20 UTC, the lava flows that started on 29 May have continued at Sundhnúksgígaröðin, north of Grindavik, on the Reykjanes Peninsula in south-western Iceland. The lava flow has mainly flowed northwest near Sýlingarfell, north and west towards Grindavíkurvegur.
  • In Grindavíkurvegur the lava flow passes the protective barrier and reaches the road, it is moving slowly but the lava front is about 800 m from the hot water pipelines.
  • The hazard for volcanic unrest is very high in the affected area, the IMO is closely monitoring the situation.
Detailed event map. European Union, 2024. Map produced by EC-JRC.
The boundaries and the names shown on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the European Union.

Updates on volcanic activity (Smithsonian)

The Smithsonian/USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report provides information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Latest Reykjanes report has been published on 29 May 2024 08:59.
IMO reported that seismicity increased on 28 May in an area near the Sundhn?kag?gar crater row and, along with continuing inflation, possibly indicated rising magma within the Reykanes volcanic system. According to news articles seismicity intensified during the morning of 29 May, prompting the evacuation of workers at the Svartsengi power plant, 35-38 residents of Grindav?k (three remained), and visitors and residents at the Blue Lagoon spa area. At 1109 on 29 May IMO reported that the seismic swarm was likely related to a new dike intrusion. The Aviation Color Code was raised to Red (the highest level on a four-color scale) and then decreased back to Orange at 1115 because no additional geophysical data indicated significant changes. An effusive eruption began at 1246 near Sundhn?k, NE of S?lingarfell, with the propagation of a 1-km-long fissure that produced lava fountains at least 30-50 m high and dense, gas-rich plumes rose along the fissure. Radar data indicated that particulates were present in the plume up to 2 km and gases rose as high as 3 km. By 1415 lava had advanced about 1 km W and to the S, towards Grindav?k road. A second fissure opened just W of the main fissure and eruption plumes rose as high as 3.4 km. The extrusion rate was estimated to be 1,500-2,000 cubic meters per second. The fissure continued to propagate and by 1450 it was 3.4 km long. Lava surrounded Hagafell to the E and advanced S towards Melh?lsn?ma based on an overflight conducted by the Coast Guard. The southernmost part of the fissure was less than 1 km from the lava barriers N of Grindav?k, and lava flowed over Grindav?k road. Sources: Icelandic Meteorological Office (IMO),Icelandic National Broadcasting Service (RUV)
See the detail here

Latest media headlines

Articles: 465 | About casualties: 0 | Last hour: 0

Reykjanes volcano update: lava continues to advance toward NW2024-06-12T20:50+0200.

The eruption continues from the main crater at stable levels. Constant incandescent plastic and fresh lava clots, known as spattering, continue to be thrown out of the edifice, feeding the active lava flows. As the eruption goes on, the cra
Feel the Thrill: Lava Your Volcanic Escape!2024-06-12T05:30+0200.

Iceland Iceland is one of the most volcanically active areas on the planet, with 130 volcanoes. Last week the fifth eruption since December at the Sundhnjukar mountain ridge sent lava 150 feet into the air, but locals and tourists stayed sa
Efemérides hoy: qué se celebra este 11 de junio2024-06-11T08:19+0200.

1783 : El volcán Laki, en Islandia ―que había entrado en actividad tres días antes― experimenta una segunda explosión violenta. La erupción continua en los próximos 8 meses mataría al 20 % de los islandeses y en los dos años siguientes caus
Éruption d'un volcan en Islande : la vidéo impressionnante de la lave ... 2024-06-10T12:34+0200.

Une éruption volcanique touche l'Islande depuis le 29 mai. Une route aux portes de la ville de Grindavik a été recouverte de lave. Des images impressionnantes. Une route barrée par la lave. L' Islande est un pays connu pour ses nombreux vol

Estimated casualties (PAGER)

USGS estimates the number of casualties for each earthquake for the Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) product.
The graph shows the current fatalities estimate.

Exposed population

Data, images, links, services and documents

For this events, GDACS has links to information from the following sources: EC-JRC (32), (2), INGV (2), WMO (1), INFORM (2),