Overall Green alert Volcanic eruption for Merapi
in Indonesia

Event summary

GREEN alert: The Merapi Volcanic eruption is unlikely to require external humanitarian assistance based on the exposed population and coping capacity.

GDACS ID VO 1000039
Name: Merapi
Lat/Lon: -7.54 , 110.446
Event Date: 09 Mar 2022 UTC
Exposed Population 30km: About 4440000 people within 30km
Exposed Population 100km: About 24400000 people within 100km
Max Volc. Explosivity Index VEI: 4
Population Exposure Index PEI: 7
Inserted at: 10 Mar 2022 06:48 UTC


For more info on GDACS alert score click here.
Virtual OSOCC
Meteo assessment
Satellite products
Analytical products
Indonesia- Mount Merapi, volcanic eruption (ECHO 10 Mar 2022)Thu, 10 Mar 2022 11:55

  • Over the past few days, Mount Merapi, located between Central Java Province and the Special Region of Yogyakarta, increased its volcanic activity with pyroclastic and lava flows that descended into the southwestern flank about 2 km from the summit.
  • According to media reports, 253 people have been evacuated to temporary shelters in Glagaharjo and Umbulharjo villages (Special Region of Yogyakarta). Ashfall covered several villages close to the volcano, but no casualties have been recorded.
  • The eruption is ongoing and according to the Geological Agency of Indonesia (MAGMA), the alert level status, on a scale from 1 to 4, is set at level 3 (the results of visual and instrumental observations show an increase in activity or the volcano erupts).
Detailed event map. European Union, 2024. Map produced by EC-JRC.
The boundaries and the names shown on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the European Union.

Updates on volcanic activity (Smithsonian)

The Smithsonian/USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report provides information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Latest Merapi report has been published on 09 Mar 2022 07:30.
BPPTKG reported no significant morphological changes at Merapi?s summit lava dome during 25 February-3 March but there had been collapses at the SW dome, located just below the SW rim. Seismicity remained at high levels. As many as 73 lava avalanches traveled a maximum of 2 km down the Bebeng drainage on the SW flank. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to stay 3-5 km away from the summit based on location. Source: Balai Penyelidikan dan Pengembangan Teknologi Kebencanaan Geologi (BPPTKG)
See the detail here

Latest media headlines

Estimated casualties (PAGER)

USGS estimates the number of casualties for each earthquake for the Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) product.
The graph shows the current fatalities estimate.

Exposed population

Data, images, links, services and documents

For this events, GDACS has links to information from the following sources: EC-JRC (32), (2), INGV (2), DesInventar (1), WMO (1), INFORM (2),