Forest Fire (12358 ha) in Nepal 04 Mar 2023

Event summary

This forest fire is expected to have a low humanitarian impact based on the magnitude and the affected population and their vulnerability.

GDACS ID WF 1012730
Countries: Nepal
Start Date - Last detection*: 04 Mar 2023 - 15 Mar 2023
Duration (days): 11
People affected: 1017 in the burned area
Burned area: 12358 ha
More Info: Global Wildfire Information System

*(Last detection of the thermal anomaly of the fire)


Detailed event map. European Union, 2024. Map produced by EC-JRC.
The boundaries and the names shown on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the European Union.

Impact Timeline

IDAlert colorGDACS ScorePopulation AffectedBurned Area (ha)Last UpdateSource
1 0.5 1017 5056 15 Mar 2023 04:00 GWIS
2 0.5 1017 12358 16 Mar 2023 04:00 GWIS

Fires Joined

This event includes other close identified fires:

Exposed population

The forest fire happened in Nepal , Zone of Narayani (population 2,016,677) . The nearest places are Kathmandu, Birganj, Shikarpur, Patan, Bettiah, Bhaktapur, Motihari, Malangwa, Bagaha, and Sitamarhi.

Radius Population
10 km 270000 people
5 km 89000 people
2 km 38000 people
1 km 26000 people
Burned Area 1000 people

Land Cover area Source
Settlement 152 m2 GHSL
Protected Area 9616 ha WDPA

Affected Provinces

Region Province Country Population
Narayani Nepal 2 million people
Bihar India 91.4 million people

Affected populated places

Name Region Province Country City class Population Distance
Birganj Narayani Nepal City 110000 people 28 km
Shikarpur Bihar India City - 47 km
Patan Bagmati Nepal City - 62 km
Kathmandu Bagmati Nepal Capital 780000 people 63 km
Bettiah Bihar India City 130000 people 65 km
Bhaktapur Bagmati Nepal City 76000 people 69 km
Motihari Bihar India City 100000 people 70 km
Malangwa Janakpur Nepal City 20000 people 80 km
Bagaha Bihar India City 100000 people 82 km
Sitamarhi Bihar India City 57000 people 96 km

see full list

Critical infrastructure

Airports, ports, nuclear plants and hydrodams at risk, if affected, are listed below.


Name IATA Code Elevation (m) Usage Runway type IFR Runway Length (ft) Distance
Simara SIF 137 Civ. Unpaved No 4000 15 km
Raxaul 79 Civ. Paved No 3600 34 km
Bharatpur BHR 183 Civ. Unpaved No 3800 64 km
Tribhuvan International KTM 1347 Civ. Paved Yes 10000 66 km
Meghauli MEY 183 Civ. Unpaved No 3500 74 km
Mountain MWP unknown 0 91 km
Gorkha GKH 457 Civ. Unpaved No 3600 95 km



Reservoir Dam Name River Year Distance
Kulekhani Kulekhani 1982 44 km

Nuclear plants

More information

For a full list of available products related to this event, please refer to the GDACS Resources page.