Overall Green alert Volcanic eruption for Fournaise, Piton de la
in France

Event summary

Volcanic eruption Fournaise, Piton de la is expected to have a low humanitarian impact based on the magnitude and the affected population and their vulnerability.

Name: Fournaise, Piton de la
Lat/Lon: -21.244 , 55.708
Event Date: 07 Dec 2020 00:00 UTC
Exposed Population 30km: About 300000 people within 30km
Exposed Population 100km: About 850000 people within 100km
Max Volc. Explosivity Index VEI: 5
Population exposure index: 5
Inserted at: 07 Dec 2020 10:45 UTC


For more info on GDACS alert score click here.

Historical Timeline

Volcano Timeline

IDGDACS alert colorDateSource
1 07 Dec 2020 00:00 TOULOUSE

Exposed population

The eruption happened in Miscellaneous (French) Indian Ocean Islands , of Reunion (population 644,000) . The nearest places are Cap Blanc, Saint-Philippe, Bras des Calumets, La Plaine des Cafres, Saint-Joseph, Cascades, Sainte-Rose, Petite Île, Le Tampon, Saint-Benoît, and Le Port.

Radius Population
100 km 840000 people
75 km 840000 people
50 km 700000 people
30 km 290000 people
20 km 63000 people
10 km <1000 people
5 km no people
2 km no people

Affected Provinces

Region Province Country Population
Reunion Miscellaneous (French) Indian Ocean Islands 640000 people

Affected populated places

Name Region Province Country City class Population Distance
Cap Blanc Reunion Village - 7 km
Saint-Philippe Reunion Village 5300 people 13 km
Bras des Calumets Reunion Village - 15 km
La Plaine des Cafres Reunion Village - 16 km
Saint-Joseph Reunion Village 33000 people 16 km
Cascades Reunion Village - 17 km
Sainte-Rose Reunion Village 6900 people 17 km
Petite Île Reunion Village - 18 km
Le Tampon Reunion Village 69000 people 19 km
Saint-Benoît Reunion Village 35000 people 24 km
Entre-Deux Reunion Village 5600 people 24 km
Saint-Pierre Reunion Village 75000 people 25 km
La Rivière Reunion Village - 27 km
Bras-Panon Reunion Village 10000 people 28 km
Cilaos Reunion Village 6100 people 28 km
Hell-Bourg Reunion Village - 29 km
Saint-Louis Reunion Village 47000 people 31 km
Saint-André Reunion Village 45000 people 33 km
Etang Sale Reunion Village - 36 km
Les Avirons Reunion Village - 38 km
Aurère Reunion Village - 39 km
Sainte-Suzanne Reunion Village 20000 people 40 km
Saint-Marie Reunion Village - 43 km
Saint-Leu Reunion Village 27000 people 44 km
Trois Bassins Reunion Village - 46 km
Saint-Denis Reunion Capital 130000 people 49 km
La Possession Reunion Village 26000 people 52 km
Saint-Paul Reunion Village 98000 people 52 km
Le Port Reunion Village 40000 people 55 km

see full list

Critical infrastructure

Airports, ports, nuclear plants and hydrodams at risk, if affected, are listed below.


Name IATA Code Elevation (m) Usage Runway type IFR Runway Length (ft) Distance
St Pierre Pierrefonds ZSE 16 0 31 km
Saint Denis Gillot RUN 20 0 44 km


Name LOCODE Country Distance
Saint Pierre Reunion 26 km
Saint Denis Reunion 49 km
Pointe Des Galets REPDG Reunion 57 km


Nuclear plants

More information

For a full list of available products related to this event, please refer to the GDACS Resources page.