Overall Green alert Volcanic eruption for Etna
in Italy

Event summary

Volcanic eruption Etna can have a low humanitarian impact based on the exposed population and vulnerability.

GDACS ID VO 1000000
Name: Etna
Lat/Lon: 37.748 , 14.999
Event Date: 01 Apr 2021 00:00 UTC
Exposed Population 30km: About 940000 people within 30km
Exposed Population 100km: About 2750000 people within 100km
Max Volc. Explosivity Index VEI: 5
Population Exposure Index PEI: 5
Inserted at: 01 Apr 2021 06:45 UTC

GDACS Score

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Virtual OSOCC
Meteo assessment
Satellite products
Analytical products
Italy - Volcanic eruption (ECHO 02 Apr 2021)Fri, 02 Apr 2021 16:14

  • A new paroxysmal event of Mount Etna volcano has been reported on 31 March at 23.00 UTC. This phase was characterised by explosive activity at the Southeast Crater that has gradually switched to a lava fountain. The ash column rose up to 9 km above sea level and moved south-southwestward.
  • As of 1 April at 21.37 UTC, the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV) recorded lava flows started at the eastern edge of the Southeast Crater expanding in the upper part of the Valle del Bove.
  • According to media reports, the international airport of Catania was temporarily closed on 1 April due to the ash column.
  • The Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), has lowered the aviation colour code from red to orange due to the decrease in the explosive activity over the past few hours.
Italy - Volcanic eruption (ECHO 17 Feb 2021)Wed, 17 Feb 2021 10:35

  • There was an increase in activity of Mount Etna volcano on 16 February. This new paroxysmal phase is characterised by explosive activity. The ash column rose a few kilometres above the volcano, moved southward and fell over Catania and parts of Siracusa Province.  
  • According to media reports, the international airport of Catania has been temporarily closed due to the ash column.
  • According to the Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), the aviation colour code has been lowered from red to orange due to the decrease in the explosive activity over the past few hours.
Detailed event map. European Union, 2021. Map produced by EC-JRC.
The boundaries and the names shown on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the European Union.

Updates on volcanic activity (Smithsonian)

The Smithsonian/USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report provides information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Latest Etna report has been published on 31 Mar 2021 11:27.
INGV reported continuing episodes of lava fountaining at Etna?s Southeast Crater (SEC) during the week of 22-28 March, though weather conditions often prevented visual observations. Weak Strombolian activity at SEC began at 2005 on 23 March and turned into lava fountaining at 0330 on 24 March. A lava flow from the SEC was observed at 0335 which split in two, one branch traveling toward the Valle del Bove and the other to the SE; the lava was followed by a pyroclastic flow at 0336 that traveled toward the Valle del Bove. The lava fountain produced an ash cloud that rose to 6-7 km (20,000-23,000 ft) a.s.l. and extended SSE, resulting in ashfall on the S slope and in Catania (29 km SSE). Lava fountaining gradually decreased at 0700, and by 0945 it had stopped. The lava flows continued to advance. Activity in Northeast (NEC), Bocca Nuova (BN), and Voragine (VOR) was characterized by variable intra-crater Strombolian activity, accompanied by sporadic and weak ash emissions that quickly dispersed. On 24 March explosions at SEC continued after the lava fountaining had stopped, producing an ash plume that rose 4.5 km (15,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SE. At night, ashfall was reported in Milia and Trecastagni (16 km SE). Explosions stopped by 1347 that day. By 25 March the two active lava flows had ceased and began to cool. Weak Strombolian activity at SEC on 30 March resumed around 2030; intra-crater explosions continued in the NEC, BN, and VOR, the latter of which produced discontinuous ash emissions that rapidly dispersed in the summit area. Source: Sezione di Catania - Osservatorio Etneo (INGV)
See the detail here

Latest media headlines

Articles: 1571 | About casualties: 1 | Last hour: 0

Etna, 31 marzo – 1 aprile 2021: un parossismo insolito - Zerouno TVSat, 03 Apr 2021 21:18:00 +0200.

Tempo di Lettura: 4 minuti. Dopo una settimana di relativa calma, il Cratere di Sud-Est dell’Etna si è risvegliato nel mattino del 31 marzo 2021 facendo sentire la sua voce con una forte esplosione alle ore locali 07:07 (Figura 1), seguita
...(more)
Catania, Etna in eruzione: sera illuminata dalla lavaSat, 03 Apr 2021 18:41:00 +0200.

Etna in eruzione. Da una Catania in , a causa dei dati epidemiologici , è possibile ammirare un vulcano con tanto di squarcio color rosso fuoco provocato proprio dalla lava. L’Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Osservatorio Etn
...(more)
È in Sicilia l’Osservatorio vulcanologico più importante d’EuropaSat, 03 Apr 2021 10:47:00 +0200.

dell’ Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) , gli studiosi compiono analisi coadiuvati da una strumentistica tra le più sofisticate in Europa Etna, molto più di un bene ambientale. La forza dell’Etna ha da sempre meravigliat
...(more)
Etna, l’insolito parossismo del 31 marzo – 1 aprile: lunga durata dell ... Fri, 02 Apr 2021 22:04:00 +0200.

“Nella stessa mattinata, a partire dalle ore 11:00 circa, le telecamere termiche dell’Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia-Osservatorio Etneo ed un sorvolo in elicottero effettuato dalla Guardia Costiera, hanno rilevato una anomal
...(more)

Estimated casualties (PAGER)

USGS estimates the number of casualties for each earthquake for the Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) product.
The graph shows the current fatalities estimate.

Exposed population

Data, images, links, services and documents

For this events, GDACS has links to information from the following sources: EC-JRC (31), (1), INGV (3), WMO (1), INFORM (2),