Forest Fire (20544 ha) in Laos, Thailand 18 Mar 2023

Event summary

This forest fire is expected to have a low humanitarian impact based on the magnitude and the affected population and their vulnerability.

GDACS ID WF 1013058
Countries: Laos, Thailand
Start Date - Last detection*: 18 Mar 2023 - 27 Mar 2023
Duration (days): 9
People affected: 0 in the burned area
Burned area: 20544 ha
More Info: Global Wildfire Information System

*(Last detection of the thermal anomaly of the fire)


For more info on GDACS alert score click here.

Detailed event map. European Union, 2024. Map produced by EC-JRC.
The boundaries and the names shown on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the European Union.

Impact Timeline

IDAlert colorGDACS ScorePopulation AffectedBurned Area (ha)Last UpdateSource
1 0.5 0 20544 28 Mar 2023 03:00 GWIS

Fires Joined

This event includes other close identified fires:

Exposed population

The forest fire happened in Laos , Province of Xaignabouri (population 206,126) . The nearest places are Chang Rai, Phan, Phayao, and Nan.

Radius Population
10 km 69000 people
5 km 33000 people
2 km 20000 people
1 km 13000 people
Burned Area no people

Land Cover area Source
Protected Area 1085 ha WDPA

Affected Provinces

Region Province Country Population
Xaignabouri Laos 210000 people
Oudomxai Laos 330000 people
Chiang Rai Thailand 1.1 million people
Phayao Thailand 500000 people
Nan Thailand 440000 people

Affected populated places

Name Region Province Country City class Population Distance
Chang Rai Chiang Rai Thailand City - 82 km
Phan Chiang Rai Thailand City - 93 km
Phayao Phayao Thailand City 21000 people 97 km
Nan Nan Thailand City 24000 people 109 km

see full list

Critical infrastructure

Airports, ports, nuclear plants and hydrodams at risk, if affected, are listed below.


Name IATA Code Elevation (m) Usage Runway type IFR Runway Length (ft) Distance
Xieng Lom XIE unknown 0 27 km
Chiang Kham 389 Mil. Paved No 4100 43 km
Ban Houayxay OUI 421 Civ. Paved No 4900 59 km
Chiang Tai International CEI 390 Civ. Paved Yes 9800 79 km
Chiang Rai 400 0 83 km
Nan NNT 214 Civ. Paved Yes 6500 105 km
Tachilek THL 390 Civ. Paved Yes 7000 108 km



Nuclear plants

More information

For a full list of available products related to this event, please refer to the GDACS Resources page.