Forest Fire (11025 ha) in Nepal 18 Mar 2021

Event summary

This forest fire is expected to have a low humanitarian impact based on the magnitude and the affected population and their vulnerability.

GDACS ID WF 1000170
Countries: Nepal
Start Date - Last detection*: 18 Mar 2021 - 20 Apr 2021
Duration (days): 33
People affected: 245 in the burned area
Burned area: 11025 ha
More Info: Global Wildfire Information System

*(Last detection of the thermal anomaly of the fire)


For more info on GDACS alert score click here.
Detailed event map. European Union, 2021. Map produced by EC-JRC.
The boundaries and the names shown on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the European Union.

Impact Timeline

IDAlert colorGDACS ScorePopulation AffectedBurned Area (ha)Last UpdateSource
1 0.5 245 11025 21 Apr 2021 05:01 GWIS

Exposed population

The forest fire happened in Nepal , Zone of Kosi (population 1,862,478) . The nearest places are Dharan, Biratnagar, Forbesganj, Darjeeling, Kurseong, Basantpur, SiligurĂ­, Kalimpong, Ranjganj, and Islampur.

Radius Population
10 km 170000 people
5 km 87000 people
2 km 39000 people
1 km 28000 people
Burned Area 11000 people

Land Cover area Source
Settlement 4712 m2 GHSL

Affected Provinces

Region Province Country Population
Kosi Nepal 1.8 million people
Mechi Nepal 1.2 million people
Sagarmatha Nepal 1.7 million people

Affected populated places

Name Region Province Country City class Population Distance
Dharan Kosi Nepal City - 27 km
Biratnagar Kosi Nepal City 160000 people 64 km
Forbesganj Bihar India City 44000 people 75 km
Darjeeling West Bengal India City - 77 km
Kurseong West Bengal India City - 79 km
Basantpur Bihar India City - 91 km
SiligurĂ­ West Bengal India City - 96 km
Kalimpong West Bengal India City 43000 people 99 km
Ranjganj Bihar India City - 100 km
Islampur West Bengal India City 53000 people 104 km

see full list

Critical infrastructure

Airports, ports, nuclear plants and hydrodams at risk, if affected, are listed below.


Name IATA Code Elevation (m) Usage Runway type IFR Runway Length (ft) Distance
Taplejung TPJ unknown 0 44 km
Tumlingtar TMI 518 Civ. Unpaved No 4000 48 km
Bhojpur BHP unknown 0 50 km
Biratnagar BIR 74 Civ. Paved Yes 5000 57 km
Ramechap RHP unknown 0 64 km
Chandragadhi 91 Civ. Unpaved No 5000 72 km
Jogbani 59 0 75 km
Lamidanda LDN unknown 0 88 km
Baghdogra IXB 126 Mil. Paved No 9000 89 km
Rajbiraj RJB 76 Civ. Unpaved No 4200 89 km
Rumjartar RUM unknown 0 101 km



Nuclear plants

More information

For a full list of available products related to this event, please refer to the GDACS Resources page.